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July 5, 2013
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PE: Art Nouveau

Fri Jul 5, 2013, 3:00 PM


Art Nouveau


A.k.a. "That beautiful detailed flowery art style".

Art Nouveau 13 by ssava


History


:bulletblue: Origins :bulletblue:

Art Nouveau is an art movement that was most popular between 1890 and 1910. It originated in England and France, where it spread over the last two decades of the 19th century. The origins in each respective country vary though. For example, the German "Jugendstil" was first used 1897 as criticism against cheap mass production of works from artists like Henry van de Velde. Art Nouveau was by far no consistent art movement; there were several geographical differences, although some basic characteristics stayed the same. Those key features are decorative curves and flowery elements.

All in all "Art Nouveau" constisted of divergent art movements in Europe.


:bulletblue: Names :bulletblue:

Art Nouveau: France, French for 'New Art',

Jugendstil: Germany, German for 'Young Style', stems from the illustrated magazine "Jugend"

Modernisme: Catalonia (Spain), Catalan for 'Modernism'

Модерн: Russia, 'Modern'

Secession: Austria-Hungary, after 'Wiener Secession'

Stile Floreale/Liberty: Italy, Italian for 'Flowery'; 'Liberty' from a store called 'Liberty'



Defining Features

So, how can you recognize Art Nouveau?

As I briefly mentioned above, the style's most noticable features are flowery ornaments and decorative curves. Many decorative elements are based on nature, like grass, twings, tendrils, or most popularily, the ever-present flower.

In paintings, shading and spatial depth are not important; outlines of the main figures are emphasised instead. Apart from that, symmetry is often neglected, especially in architecture.

No matter the medium - be it paiting, architecture or sculpturing - the overall goal was to convey beauty and decorative quality. A common motive are idealised female characters adorned with flowing garbs and curvy ornaments.



Famous Artists

Alfons Maria Mucha (1860-1939): Visual artist

In English and French better known as
Alphonse Mucha, this artist is maybe the most famous representative of the Art Nouveau style. He was painter, illustrator, graphic designer and poster artist at once.

 File:Alfons Mucha - F. Champenois Imprimeur-Éditeur.jpg

"F. Champenois Imprimeur-Editeur"

(source)


Gustav Klimt (1862-1918): Painter

Klimt was one of the most important representatives of the Secession. One of his best known paintings is "Der Kuss" (The Kiss), which was painted from 1907 to 1908.

Gustav Klimt 016.jpg

"Der Kuss"

(source


Antoni Gaudí (1852-1926): Architect

A famous spanish architect, who is famous for his many Modernisme buildings in Barcelona, like the Sagrada Família, Casa Milá or Par Güell. Construction of the Sagrada Famíla, a church of enourmous dimensions, was started in 1882 and is still not finished today.

 Gaudi Sagrada Familia by lookinglass

detail of "Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família" (Barcelona)


Art Feature



 Gaudi - Casa Mila - I by valkryja Casa Batllo - Gaudi by merigiros la sagrada familia by Gaudi by chirkhef- The Four Seasons - by Zhaana
painted Art Nouveau shoes by Namsab The Analog Queen by Junedays Sailor Drachea by Ysa
 Art Nouveau Affiche by XIXDeviant IronMan by Design: Art Nouveau by johntylerchristopher Art Nouveau Slave Leia by AdamHughes Art Nouveau by TheMinttu Be Mine Always by Saimain   
Art Nouveau unhinged by Dryad-8
Art Nouveau Iris by CassiopeiaArt Apple Nouveau by Jacinthe   
Noel in art nouveau by CassiopeiaArt Art Nouveau Peacock by Chronoperates Nintendo Nouveau by MeganLara





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(Sorry for the repost, something got mixed up and I had to delete the previous article.)

Thanks for reading! :heart:







Article on Art Nouveau for #projecteducate's Community Week :dalove:

Sorry for the repost, something got mixed up and I had to delete the previous article.
Add a Comment:
 
:iconcassiopeiaart:
CassiopeiaArt Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2013  Professional Digital Artist
Wow such beautiful, beautiful feature!!! Gotta love the Art Nouveau :love: Thank you so much for including a couple of my artworks :hug:
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks a lot! I'm glad you like it. :) You're very welcome!
Reply
:iconssava:
ssava Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013  Professional General Artist
So cool!
Thank you for using my art!
I learned a lot reading your article!
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 8, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
You're very welcome!
That's great to hear! :)
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013
Good article!
But it's one mistake: Stile Liberty in Italian came form the store "Liberty" in London which sold modern style fabrics.
and don't forget Charles Rennie Macintosh who was a kind continuity between the art and craft and the Art Nouveau.

In Switzerland it was an art nouveau movement called: style Sapin (fir, spruce, like the xmas tree)

ps: lovely and funny to see Flutteshy in a Mucha style ;)
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you, also for sharing that additional information. :)

I think so too, that's why I included it^^
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013
My little daughters are fans of Fluttershy. :)
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 14, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Oh, I see :)
Reply
:iconcommandereve:
CommanderEVE Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Student General Artist
You should also do one on Art Deco. 
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I personally am not really a fan of Art Déco so I probably won't write one, but maybe someone else will do that one day. If you want, you can write an article on Art Déco yourself, either for Community Week at #projecteducate or for the Art History project: distortedsmile.deviantart.com/... :)
Reply
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