Shop Mobile More Submit  Join Login

PE: Art Nouveau

Fri Jul 5, 2013, 3:00 PM


Art Nouveau


A.k.a. "That beautiful detailed flowery art style".

Art Nouveau 13 by ssava


History


:bulletblue: Origins :bulletblue:

Art Nouveau is an art movement that was most popular between 1890 and 1910. It originated in England and France, where it spread over the last two decades of the 19th century. The origins in each respective country vary though. For example, the German "Jugendstil" was first used 1897 as criticism against cheap mass production of works from artists like Henry van de Velde. Art Nouveau was by far no consistent art movement; there were several geographical differences, although some basic characteristics stayed the same. Those key features are decorative curves and flowery elements.

All in all "Art Nouveau" constisted of divergent art movements in Europe.


:bulletblue: Names :bulletblue:

Art Nouveau: France, French for 'New Art',

Jugendstil: Germany, German for 'Young Style', stems from the illustrated magazine "Jugend"

Modernisme: Catalonia (Spain), Catalan for 'Modernism'

Модерн: Russia, 'Modern'

Secession: Austria-Hungary, after 'Wiener Secession'

Stile Floreale/Liberty: Italy, Italian for 'Flowery'; 'Liberty' from a store called 'Liberty'



Defining Features

So, how can you recognize Art Nouveau?

As I briefly mentioned above, the style's most noticable features are flowery ornaments and decorative curves. Many decorative elements are based on nature, like grass, twings, tendrils, or most popularily, the ever-present flower.

In paintings, shading and spatial depth are not important; outlines of the main figures are emphasised instead. Apart from that, symmetry is often neglected, especially in architecture.

No matter the medium - be it paiting, architecture or sculpturing - the overall goal was to convey beauty and decorative quality. A common motive are idealised female characters adorned with flowing garbs and curvy ornaments.



Famous Artists

Alfons Maria Mucha (1860-1939): Visual artist

In English and French better known as
Alphonse Mucha, this artist is maybe the most famous representative of the Art Nouveau style. He was painter, illustrator, graphic designer and poster artist at once.

 File:Alfons Mucha - F. Champenois Imprimeur-Éditeur.jpg

"F. Champenois Imprimeur-Editeur"

(source)


Gustav Klimt (1862-1918): Painter

Klimt was one of the most important representatives of the Secession. One of his best known paintings is "Der Kuss" (The Kiss), which was painted from 1907 to 1908.

Gustav Klimt 016.jpg

"Der Kuss"

(source


Antoni Gaudí (1852-1926): Architect

A famous spanish architect, who is famous for his many Modernisme buildings in Barcelona, like the Sagrada Família, Casa Milá or Par Güell. Construction of the Sagrada Famíla, a church of enourmous dimensions, was started in 1882 and is still not finished today.

 Gaudi Sagrada Familia by lookinglass

detail of "Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família" (Barcelona)


Art Feature



 Gaudi - Casa Mila - I by valkryja Casa Batllo - Gaudi by merigiros la sagrada familia by Gaudi by chirkhef- The Four Seasons - by Zhaana
painted Art Nouveau shoes by Namsab The Analog Queen by Junedays
 Art Nouveau Affiche by XIXDeviant IronMan by Design: Art Nouveau by johntylerchristopher Art Nouveau Slave Leia by AdamHughes Art Nouveau by TheMinttu Be Mine Always by Saimain   
Art Nouveau unhinged by Dryad-8
Art Nouveau Iris by CassiopeiaArt Apple Nouveau by Jacinthe   
Noel in art nouveau by CassiopeiaArt Art Nouveau Peacock by AlixBranwyn Nintendo Nouveau by MeganLara





</p>

(Sorry for the repost, something got mixed up and I had to delete the previous article.)

Thanks for reading! :heart:







Article on Art Nouveau for #projecteducate's Community Week :dalove:

Sorry for the repost, something got mixed up and I had to delete the previous article.
Add a Comment:
 
:iconcassiopeiaart:
CassiopeiaArt Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2013  Professional Digital Artist
Wow such beautiful, beautiful feature!!! Gotta love the Art Nouveau :love: Thank you so much for including a couple of my artworks :hug:
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks a lot! I'm glad you like it. :) You're very welcome!
Reply
:iconssava:
ssava Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013  Professional General Artist
So cool!
Thank you for using my art!
I learned a lot reading your article!
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 8, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
You're very welcome!
That's great to hear! :)
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013
Good article!
But it's one mistake: Stile Liberty in Italian came form the store "Liberty" in London which sold modern style fabrics.
and don't forget Charles Rennie Macintosh who was a kind continuity between the art and craft and the Art Nouveau.

In Switzerland it was an art nouveau movement called: style Sapin (fir, spruce, like the xmas tree)

ps: lovely and funny to see Flutteshy in a Mucha style ;)
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you, also for sharing that additional information. :)

I think so too, that's why I included it^^
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013
My little daughters are fans of Fluttershy. :)
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 14, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Oh, I see :)
Reply
:iconcommandereve:
CommanderEVE Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Student General Artist
You should also do one on Art Deco. 
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I personally am not really a fan of Art Déco so I probably won't write one, but maybe someone else will do that one day. If you want, you can write an article on Art Déco yourself, either for Community Week at #projecteducate or for the Art History project: distortedsmile.deviantart.com/... :)
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013
the art deco is not a "critic" of the Art Nouveau. It's a continuity, the art deco used the new technologies from the 20's and 30's same as the art Nouveau used the new technology of the "new century". The Bauhaus style in germany is a kind of simplification of the art Nouveau. The art deco was used in lot of different ways: painting, fabrics, but car, planes and trains too. The last "Art Deco" object you can see is the Citroën 2CV.
Reply
:icondomisea:
Domisea Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Student General Artist
hmm I think people too much think about Mucha in case of art nouveau (don't get me wrong , he is my favourite artist probably). They should remember that this style is not only him uwu. Possibly , always when I see works on dA called "art nouveau" they are in Mucha's style.
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I'm guilty of that too^^ I guess that's because most people have heard of Art Nouveau only in combination/relation with Mucha, and not other artists. I think that many people don't know that it was an art movement that was also very popular with architects and crafters. There's alsways those artists who are more associated with a certain art movement than others :)
Reply
:iconrunawaywithyou:
runawaywithyou Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Professional Digital Artist
good article, Art Nouveau is one of my most favourite art style ever <3
I'm happy to be from Barcelona and be able to see those buildings every day ^^
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you! Mine as well :)
That's awesome! I was lucky enough to travel to Barcelona once, and I went to see all these wonderful buildings, too. It was a great experience :)
Reply
:iconroadzero:
RoadZero Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I think, Mucha-like artwork can also be called "арт нуво" (art nouveau) in Russian. Just because his style is so famous and unique, we sometimes distinguish it from other "modern" stuff.

Other stuff would be called "modern", especially architecture.
And for those who are deeply ineterested, we say it "modErn", not "mOdern" :)

Also, from Russian wiki article (you don't have it at the English one):
- in USA it might be called "tiffany";
- in Austria it's Secessionsstil (Secession style);
- in Switzerland it's called "style sapin" - spruce style, I wonder why?..
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013
it was called style sapin because the architects tried to inspire from the nature and the most common tree was the "sapin". It was mostly made in the Jura, a part of Switzerland covered by forests of spruces, pines (Jura means covered by trees in celtic language). 
Reply
:iconroadzero:
RoadZero Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Wow! Thank you for sharing the knowledge!
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013
:)
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
I see, thanks for the info! :)

I didn't really use wikipedia articles, since everyone can read those, and it wouldn't do to simply copy what's written there :)
Hm, I only know about an Art Nouveau artist called "Tiffany". Yes, it's "Secessionsstil" or simply "Secession" in Austria. :nod: Oh really? Thar's interesting.
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013
Tiffany... remember Breakfeast at Tiffany!  due to the name of the store.
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Indeed :)
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013
:)
Reply
:iconsevenofeleven:
sevenofeleven Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013
Good article

Whats the relationship between this and Art Deco?
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks!

Well, as far as I know (I'm not an expert), Art Déco is a design style which followed after the Art Nouveau style (around the 1920s). They have intricate ornamentation in common, but Art Déco tends to step away from the organic motifs that are common for Art Nouveau, and leans more towards geometric shapes and symmetry instead.
That's all I know about it, though.
Reply
:iconsevenofeleven:
sevenofeleven Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013
Thanks for the explanation.
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
No problem :)
Reply
:icondomisea:
Domisea Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Student General Artist
Art deco was reaction to art nouveau - it was against it
Reply
:iconcality:
cality Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
Beautiful article! :love:
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you! :heart:
Reply
:iconrramadea:
rrAmadea Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Student Writer
Nice article! I remember reading in my humanities class that the style was inspired by Japanese woodworking (also gaining popularity at the time). This style continues to inspire many today--including myself!
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks! I think I read that Art Nouveau was influenced by Japanese woodworking, like for example Hokusai's works. :nod: Indeed! It's a big inspiration for me, too.
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 7, 2013
you are right! at the beginning of the Art Nouveau it was a painter in France: Toulouse-lautrec who made lot of paintings as advertising of the parisian cabarets (Moulin rouge, etc). If you browse his paintings you can clearly see the japanese influence. 
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Oh I see, thanks for the information!
Reply
:iconbadenstern:
badenstern Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2013
you are welcome :)
Reply
:iconurus-28:
Urus-28 Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Great article :thumbsup: Art nouveau is one of my inspiration for many years =)
Reply
:iconriemea:
Riemea Featured By Owner Jul 6, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you! Mine as well :la:
Reply
Add a Comment:
 
×

:iconriemea: More from Riemea


Featured in Collections

Journals and Litterature by WitTea

Tutorials and History by NicPi

Journals + Information + Etc by thedawnofanewday


More from DeviantArt



Details

Submitted on
July 5, 2013
Submitted with
Sta.sh Writer
Link
Thumb

Stats

Views
9,219 (15 today)
Favourites
81 (who?)
Comments
37
×